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Appendix "D"

Dictionary
(a collection of terms)



PRONUNCIATION GUIDE TO MARTIAL ARTS TERMS

ENGLISH                                     FOREIGN                                     PRONUNCIATION

AREAS OF THE BODY

Lower Body Area                                     Gedan                                                         Gay Don
Middle Body Area                                     Chudan                                                       Chew Don
Upper Body Area                                      Jodan                                                          Joe Don

 

BLOCKING (UKE)

Ankle Hooking Block                                Ashikube Kake Uke                                     Ah She Coo Be Kak Kay Oo Kay
Augmented Block                                      Morote Uke                                                 Moe Row Tay Oo Kay
Downward Block                                      Gedan Uke                                                   Gay Don Oo Kay
High Block                                                Jodan Uke                                                    Jo Don Oo Kay
Hooking Knife Hand Block                       Tensho Uke                                                  Ten Show Oo Kay
Inside Outward Block                               Uchi Uke                                                      Oo Chee Oo Kay
Middle Block                                            Chudan Uke                                                 Chew Don Oo Kay
Outside Inward Block                               Soto Uke                                                      So Toe Oo Kay
Reverse Wedge Block                              Kakiwake Uke                                             Kah Key Wah Kay Oo Kay
Scooping Block                                        Sukui Uke                                                     Sue Coo Ee Oo Kay
Wrist Hook Block                                    Tekuki Kake Uke                                         Tay Coo Ke Kah Kay Oo Kay
X-Block                                                   Juji Uke                                                        Ju Gee Oo Kay

 

BODY WEAPONS

Arch of Foot                                             Teisoku                                                         Tay Soe Coo
Backfist                                                     Uraken                                                         Oo Rah Ken
Backhand                                                  Haishu                                                           Hi Shoo
Ball of Foot                                               Chusoku                                                        Chew So Coo
Bottom Fist                                               Tettsui                                                            Tet Sue Ee
Chicken Beak                                            Keiko                                                            Kay Koe
Dragon's Head Fist                                    Ryutoken                                                       Roo Toe Ken
Edge of Foot                                             Sokuto                                                           So Coo Toe
Elbow                                                       Empi                                                              Em Pee
Forefist                                                     Seiken                                                            Say Ken
Heel of Foot                                             Kakato                                                           Kah Coo Toe
Inverted Fist                                             Gekken                                                          Gay Ken
Knee                                                        Hiza                                                               He Zah
Knife Hand                                               Shuto                                                             Shoo Toe
Middle Finger/One Knuckle                     Nakyubi Ipponken                                          Na Kay Oo Be Ee Pon Ken
Palm Heel                                                Shotei                                                             Show Tay
Ridge Hand                                             Haito                                                              Hi Toe
Spear Hand                                             Nukite                                                            New Key Tay
Two Finger Spear                                    Nihon Nukite                                                 Nee Han New Key Tay
Vertical Fist                                             Honken                                                         Han Ken
Wrist                                                       Koken                                                           Koe Ken

 

CLASS TERMINOLOGY

Attention                                                 Kyotsuke                                                         Coats Gay
Begin                                                      Hajime                                                             Ha Ji May
Belt                                                         Obi                                                                 Oh Bee
Bow                                                        Rei                                                                  Ray
Bow to Instructor                                    Sensei Ne Rei                                                  Sen Say Nee Ray
Club or School                                        Dojo                                                               Doe Joe
Contest                                                   Shiai                                                                She Eye
Forms                                                     Kata                                                                Kah Tah
Get Ready                                              Yoi                                                                  Yaw Ee
Inner Power                                            Ki                                                                    Key
Instructor                                                Sensei                                                              Sen Say
Left                                                         Hidari                                                              He Da Ree
Master                                                    Shihan                                                             She Han
Meditation                                              Muk Sho                                                         Mook Show
No                                                         Iie                                                                    Ee Yay
Referee                                                  Shimbum                                                          Shim Bomb
Right                                                      Migi                                                                 Me Gee
Sparring                                                 Kumite                                                             Coo Me Tay
Spirit Yell                                               Kiai                                                                 Key Eye
Stop                                                       Yame                                                              Yah May
Striking Board                                        Makiwara                                                        Mah Key Wah Rah
Student                                                   Karate-Ka                                                      Kah Rah Tay Kah
Technique                                              Waza                                                               Wah Zah
Thank You                                             Arigato                                                            Ah Ree Ga Toe
Uniform                                                 Gi                                                                     Ghee
Yes                                                       Hai                                                                    Hi

 

KATA

Crane on a rock                                    Gankaku                                                             Gone Kah Koo
First Cause #1                                       Taikyoku Shodan                                                Teye Kyoh Coo Show Don
First Cause #2                                       Taikyoku Nidan                                                   Teye Kyoh Coo Nee Don
First Cause #3                                       Taikyoku Sandan                                                 Teye Kyoh Coo San don
Flying Swallow                                       Empi                                                                   Em Pee
Half Moon                                              Hangetsu                                                            Han Get Soo
Horse Riding #1                                     Tekki Shodan                                                     Teh Kee Sho Don
Horse Riding #2                                     Tekki Nidan                                                        Teh Kee Ni Don
Horse Riding #3                                     Tekki Sandan                                                     Teh Kee San Don
Jion Temple                                            Jion                                                                    Jee On
Kata of the Universe                               Ten No Kata                                                     Ten No Ka Ta
Peaceful Mind #1                                   Heian Shodan                                                     Hay An Show Don
Peaceful MInd #2                                   Heian Nidan                                                       Hey An Ni Don
Peaceful Mind #3                                   Heian Sandan                                                     Hay An San Don
Peaceful Mind #4                                   Heian Yodan                                                      Hay An Yo Don
Peaceful Mind #5                                   Heian Godan                                                      Hay An Go Don
Penetrate a Fortress                               Bassai                                                                Baw Seye
Ten Hands                                             Jutte                                                                   Ju Tay
To Look at the Sky                                Kwanku                                                             Kwan Koo

 

KICKING (GERI)

Back Kick                                             Ushiro Geri                                                         Oo She Row Gay Rhee
Crescent Kick                                        Mikazuki Geri                                                     Me Kah Zoo Key Gay Rhee
Front Jump Kick                                    Mae Tobi Geri                                                     Mah Eh Toe Be Gay Rhee
Front Kick                                             Mae Geri                                                             My Gay Rhee
Groin Kick                                             Kin Geri                                                              Ken Gay Rhee
Heel Kick                                              Kakato Geri                                                         Kah Kah Toe Gay Rhee
Joint Kick                                              Kansetsu Geri                                                       Kan Set Sue Gay Rhee
Knee Kick                                             Hiza Geri                                                             He Zah Gay Rhee
Round House/Ball of Foot                      Mawashi Geri                                                     Mah Wah She Gay Rhee
Round House/Top of Foot                     Mawashi Kubi Geri                                             Mah Wah She Coo Be Gay Rhee
Side Jump Kick                                     Yoko Tobi Geri                                                  Yoe Koe Toe Be Gay Rhee
Side Kick                                              Yoko Geri                                                          Yoe Koe Gay Rhee
Snap Kick                                             Keage Geri                                                         Kay Ah Gay Gay Rhee
Thrust Kick                                           Kekomi Geri                                                       Kay Koe Me Gay Rhee

 

PUNCHING (TSUKI)

Alternate Punching                                 Ren Tsuki                                                            Ren Tsoo Key
Consecutive Punching                            Dan Tsuki                                                            Don Tsoo Key
Double Fist Punching                             Morote Tsuki                                                       Moe Row Tay Tsoo Key
Lunge Punch                                         Oi Tsuki                                                               Oh Ee Tsoo Key
Reverse Punch                                      Gyaku Tsuki                                                         Gey a Coo Tsoo Key
Roundhouse Punch                                Mawashi Tsuki                                                     Mah Wah She Tsoo Key
Straight Punch                                      Tsuki                                                                    Tsoo Key
U-Punch                                               Yama Tsuki                                                          Yah Mah Tsoo Key

 

RANKS (JAPANESE)

1st Grade                                                I Kyu                                                                 Ee Que
2nd Grade                                               Ni Kyu                                                               Nee Que
3rd Grade                                               San Kyu                                                             Sahn Que
4th Grade                                               Yon Kyu                                                             Yown Que
5th Grade                                               Go Kyu                                                               Go Que
6th Grade                                               Rok Kyu                                                             Row Que
7th Grade                                               Sichi Kyu                                                            See Chee Que
8th Grade                                               Hachi Kyu                                                          Ha Chee Que
9th Grade                                               Kyu Kyu                                                            Que Que
10th Grade                                             Ju Kyu                                                                Ju Que

    BLACK BELT LEVELS:

1st Degee                                                Shodan                                                                Show Don
2nd Degree                                             Nidan                                                                   Nee Don
3rd Degree                                              Sandan                                                                 Sahn Don
4th Degree                                              Yodan                                                                   Yo Don
5th Degree                                              Godan                                                                   Go Don
6th Degree                                              Rokudan                                                               Row Que Don
7th Degree                                              Sichidan                                                                See Chee Don
8th Degree                                              Hachidan                                                               Ha Chee Don
9th Degree                                              Kyudan                                                                 Que Don
10th Degree                                            Judan                                                                     Ju Don

 

STANCES (DACHI)

Back Stance                                             Kokutsu Dachi                                                     Koe Coo Tsoo Dah Chee
Cat Stance                                                Nekoashi Dachi                                                   Neh Koe Ah She Dah Chee
Crane Stance                                             Tsuriashi Dachi                                                   Tsoo Ri Ah She Dah Chee
Forward/Front Stance                               Zenkutsu Dachi                                                   Zen Coo Sue Dah Chee
Half Moon Stance                                     Hengetsu Dachi                                                   Hahn Get Sue Dah Chee
Hook Stance                                             Kake Dachi                                                         Kah Kay Dah Chee
Hour Glass                                                Sanchin Dachi                                                     San Chin Dah Chee
Ready Stance                                            Fudo Dachi                                                         Fue Doe Dah Chee
Straddle Leg Stance                                  Kiba Dachi                                                         Key Bah Dah Chee
Sumo Stance                                             Shiko Dachi                                                       She Koe Dah Chee

 

STRIKING (UCHI)

Back Strike                                                 Ushiro Uchi                                                       Oo She Row Oo Chee
Downward Strike                                         Otoshi Uchi                                                       Oh Toe She Oo Chee
Forward Strike                                             Mae Uchi                                                         Mah Eh Oo Chee
Upward                                                        Strike Tate Uchi                                               Tah Tay Oo Chee

 

KOREAN TERMINOLOGY

Back Stance                                                 Hu Gul Sugi                                                      Who Jool Sew Gee
Backhand                                                     Ree Kwon
Begin                                                            Si Jak
Bow                                                             Chong Bong                                                     Chawng Bawng
Cat Stance                                                    Twi Pal Sugi
Forms                                                           Hyung                                                              Hee Oong
Forward Stance                                            Chon Gul Sugi                                                  Chawn Jool Sew Gee
Front Kick                                                    Ap Chagee                                                      Aup Chaw Gee
Front Stance                                                 Ap Sugi                                                           Aup Sew Gee
High Block                                                   Sang Dan Makki                                              Song Don Mah Key
Horse Riding Stance                                     Kima Sugi                                                        Kee Mah Sew Gee
Knife Hand                                                   Soo Do
Left                                                              Wen Chok
Low Block                                                    Ha Dan Makki
Lunge Punch                                                 Paro Chigee
Master                                                          Sa Bum Nim                                                     Sah Boom Neem
Meditation                                                     Mook Yom
Middle Block                                                 Chung Dan Makki
Ready Stance                                                 Chun Bee Sugi
Reverse Punch                                               Pan Dae Chigee
Ridge Hand                                                   Yoi Sudo
Right                                                             Ba Run Jok
Roundhouse Kick                                          Dol Rio Chagee
School                                                           Dojang
Side Kick                                                      Yop Chagee
Sparring                                                         Tae Ryon
Teacher                                                         Sa Bum
Uniform                                                         Dobok
Yell                                                               Ki Hap

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